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Country Uzbekistan



Uzbekistan

Independent nation and former Soviet constituent republic bounded by Kazakhstan on the N and E, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan on the E, and Turkmenstan and Afghanistan on the S. An early center of civilization, it was taken by Alexand er the Great in the fourth century b.c. Inhabited by nomadic peoples, it became Islamicized when Arabs conquered it in the eighth century a.d. It was later ruled by Seljuk Turks.

It fell to Genghis Khan in the 13th century and Tamerlane in the 14th century. The latter established his capital at Samarkand . The Uzbeks, descendants of the Golden Horde, who invaded in the 16th century, had a short-lived empire that soon became divided into the khanates of Khiva, Bukhara, and Kokand . The great cities on the main routes to China, Persia, India, and Europe—Samarkand , Bukhara, and Tashkent— were rich and highly civilized trading centers for centuries.

The Russians took the area in the 1860s and 1870s, allowing native rule to continue in Khiva and Bukhara. In 1917 the Uzbeks attempted to establish a democratic autonomous government, but by 1924 the various former states were joined into the Uzbek SSR.

In June 1990, the Uzbek parliament passed a resolution declaring the republic’s sovereignty, declared independence on August 31, 1991. Uzbekistan joined the Commonwealth of Independent States and Islam Karimov, the former Communist Party leader and president of the Uzbek SSR was elected president of the new republic. Karimov began a crackdown against political opponents and religious Muslims, while enacting some free-market economic reforms. In 1995, Karimov won a referendum to remain in office until the year 2000. In 2000 Karimov was reelected to the presidency. In 2001 the United States started to use Uzbek military bases in its campaigns against Osama bin Laden and Afghanistan’s Taliban. In 2002 Karimov won another referendum (that was criticized by Western observers), extending his term of office to 2007. There continues to be some violent opposition to Karimov’s government by radical Islamic groups.

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Uzbekistan: Top Cities

Tashkent 1,978,028 Toshkent Shahri 69.22 x 41.26 Asia/Tashkent
Namangan 432,456 Namangan Viloyati 71.67 x 41.00 Asia/Tashkent
Samarqand 319,366 Samarqand Viloyati 66.96 x 39.65 Asia/Samarkand
Andijon 318,419 Andijon Viloyati 72.34 x 40.78 Asia/Tashkent
Buxoro 247,644 Buxoro Viloyati 64.43 x 39.77 Asia/Samarkand
Nukus 230,006 Karakalpakstan 59.61 x 42.45 Asia/Samarkand
Qarshi 222,898 Qashqadaryo Viloyati 65.80 x 38.87 Asia/Samarkand
Qo`qon 187,477 Farg`ona Viloyati 70.94 x 40.53 Asia/Tashkent
Chirchiq 167,842 Toshkent Viloyati 69.58 x 41.47 Asia/Tashkent
Farg`ona 164,322 Farg`ona Viloyati 71.78 x 40.38 Asia/Tashkent
Jizzax 152,642 Jizzax Viloyati 67.84 x 40.12 Asia/Tashkent
Urganch 150,110 Xorazm Viloyati 60.63 x 41.55 Asia/Samarkand
Tirmiz 140,385 Surxondaryo Viloyati 67.28 x 37.22 Asia/Samarkand
Marg`ilon 133,490 Farg`ona Viloyati 71.72 x 40.47 Asia/Tashkent
Navoiy 129,725 Navoiy Viloyati 65.38 x 40.08 Asia/Samarkand
Angren 126,957 Toshkent Viloyati 70.14 x 41.02 Asia/Tashkent
Olmaliq 121,207 Toshkent Viloyati 69.60 x 40.84 Asia/Tashkent
Bekobod 86,259 Toshkent Viloyati 69.27 x 40.22 Asia/Tashkent
Denov 68,994 Surxondaryo Viloyati 67.90 x 38.27 Asia/Samarkand
Chust Shahri 64,966 Namangan Viloyati 71.23 x 41.01 Asia/Tashkent
Kogon 62,620 Buxoro Viloyati 64.55 x 39.72 Asia/Samarkand
Yangiyul 60,000 Toshkent Viloyati 69.05 x 41.11 Asia/Tashkent
Koson 59,681 Qashqadaryo Viloyati 65.59 x 39.04 Asia/Samarkand
Kattaqo'rg'on 59,382 Samarqand Viloyati 66.26 x 39.90 Asia/Samarkand
Oltinko'l 59,122 Karakalpakstan 58.90 x 43.07 Asia/Samarkand
Shahrisabz 57,051 Qashqadaryo Viloyati 66.83 x 39.06 Asia/Samarkand
Asaka 56,736 Andijon Viloyati 72.24 x 40.64 Asia/Tashkent
Khiwa 55,567 Xorazm Viloyati 60.36 x 41.38 Asia/Samarkand
Guliston 53,373 Sirdaryo Viloyati 68.78 x 40.49 Asia/Tashkent
Beruniy 50,929 Karakalpakstan 60.75 x 41.69 Asia/Samarkand