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Country Latvia



Latvia

Independent republic, formerly part of the Soviet Union, on the shore of the Baltic Sea, S of Estonia, W of Russia, N of Lithuania and Belarus. The Letts were conquered in the 13th century by the Livonian Brothers of the Sword, and Latvia was incorporated into the southern part of Livonia until 1561, when Livonia passed to Poland . Latvia became part of Russia in 1795, although the Letts remained dominated by German merchants until 1885. A national revival began in Latvia in the mid-19th century, and the country became independent after World War I. Politically unstable, it was absorbed into the USSR in 1940 and was occupied by the Germans during World War II; it was returned to the USSR after the war. In 1990 Latvia’s parliament declared independence and reestablished the old Latvian constitution. In 1991, Russia recognized Latvian independence. In 1993, a new parliament was elected, and Guntis Ulmanis became president. Latvia signed a free trade agreement with Lithuania and Estonia. In 1999, Vaira Vike-Freiberga was elected president, becoming the first female president in eastern Europe. In 2004, Latvia joined NATO and the European Union.

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Latvia: Top Cities

Riga 742,572 Riga 24.11 x 56.95 Europe/Riga
Daugavpils 111,564 Daugavpils Rajons 26.53 x 55.88 Europe/Riga
Vec-Liepaja 85,260 Liepaja 21.02 x 56.53 Europe/Riga
Liepaja 85,132 Liepaja 21.02 x 56.52 Europe/Riga
Jelgava 61,791 Jelgavas Rajons 23.71 x 56.65 Europe/Riga
Jurmala 54,088 23.77 x 56.97 Europe/Riga
Ventspils 42,644 Ventspils Rajons 21.56 x 57.39 Europe/Riga
Rezekne 38,340 Rezeknes Rajons 27.32 x 56.50 Europe/Riga
Jekabpils 27,078 Jekabpils Rajons 25.86 x 56.50 Europe/Riga
Valmiera 26,963 Valmieras Rajons 25.43 x 57.54 Europe/Riga
Ogre 25,818 Ogres Rajons 24.61 x 56.82 Europe/Riga
Tukums 18,348 Tukuma Rajons 23.16 x 56.97 Europe/Riga
Cesis 18,198 Cesu Rajons 25.27 x 57.31 Europe/Riga
Salaspils 17,606 Rigas Rajons 24.37 x 56.86 Europe/Riga
Bolderaja 14,771 Riga 24.06 x 57.03 Europe/Riga
Kuldiga 13,289 Kuldigas Rajons 21.96 x 56.97 Europe/Riga
Olaine 12,584 Olaines Novads 23.94 x 56.79 Europe/Riga
Saldus 12,224 Saldus Rajons 22.49 x 56.66 Europe/Riga
Talsi 12,022 Talsu Rajons 22.58 x 57.25 Europe/Riga
Dobele 11,225 Dobeles Rajons 23.28 x 56.63 Europe/Riga
Kraslava 11,088 Kraslavas Rajons 27.17 x 55.90 Europe/Riga
Bauska 10,532 Bauskas Rajons 24.19 x 56.41 Europe/Riga
Ludza 10,514 Ludzas Rajons 27.72 x 56.55 Europe/Riga
Sigulda 10,422 Siguldas Novads 24.86 x 57.15 Europe/Riga
Livani 10,073 Preilu Rajons 26.18 x 56.35 Europe/Riga
Daugavgriva 9,952 Riga 24.04 x 57.04 Europe/Riga
Gulbene 9,355 Gulbenes Rajons 26.75 x 57.18 Europe/Riga
Madona 9,280 Madonas Rajons 26.22 x 56.85 Europe/Riga
Limbazi 8,974 Limbazu Rajons 24.72 x 57.51 Europe/Riga
Aizkraukle 8,840 Aizkraukles Rajons 25.26 x 56.60 Europe/Riga