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Country Kazakhstan



Kazakhstan

Independent republic bordered by Russia on the N, China on the E, Kyrgizstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan on the S, and the Caspian Sea on the W. After the original Turkish tribe had been brought under Mongol control in the 13th century, Kazakhstan was settled and dominated by the Golden Horde. It was gradually conquered by Russia from 1730 to 1853. A Western-style state was evolving at the time of the Bolshevik revolution in 1917. An autonomous republic after 1920, it became a constituent republic in the USSR in 1936. In the early 1960s some parts of Kazakhstan were extensively developed as part of the Soviet Virgin Land s agricultural development program.

Kazakhstan declared its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, and Kazakhstan became a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Nursultan Nazarbayev was the country’s first president and began a series of market reforms. In 1994, the United States agreed to help Kazakhstan remove and destroy Soviet-era weapons of mass destruction. After resistance from the parliament on reform measures in 1994, Nazarbayev dissolved parliament, ruled by decree, and moved to consolidate his power. In 1996, Kazakhstan signed an economic treaty with Russia, Kyrgyzstan, and Belarus. In 1997 the capital was moved from Almaty to the more centrally located city of Astana. In 2003, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Russia, and the Ukraine signed an agreement to create a common economic space.

Kazakhstan Images


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Kazakhstan: Top Cities

Almaty 2,000,900 Almaty Qalasy 76.95 x 43.25 Asia/Almaty
Karagand y 451,800 54.87 x 50.07 Asia/Aqtobe
Qaraghand y 451,800 Qaraghand y Oblysy 73.10 x 49.80 Asia/Almaty
Shymkent 414,032 Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast' 69.60 x 42.30 Asia/Almaty
Taraz 358,153 Zhambyl Oblysy 71.37 x 42.90 Asia/Almaty
Astana 345,604 Astana Qalasy 71.45 x 51.18 Asia/Almaty
Pavlodar 329,002 Pavlodar Oblysy 76.95 x 52.30 Asia/Almaty
Ust'-Kamenogorsk 319,067 East Kazakhstan 82.61 x 49.98 Asia/Almaty
Qyzylorda 300,000 Qyzylorda Oblysy 65.51 x 44.85 Asia/Qyzylorda
Semey 292,780 East Kazakhstan 80.23 x 50.41 Asia/Almaty
Aqtobe 262,457 Aktyubinskaya Oblast' 57.21 x 50.28 Asia/Aqtobe
Qostanay 210,000 Qostanay Oblysy 63.58 x 53.17 Asia/Qyzylorda
Petropavlovsk 200,920 Severo-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast' 69.16 x 54.88 Asia/Almaty
Oral 200,000 Batys Qazaqstan Oblysy 51.37 x 51.23 Asia/Oral
Taldyqorghan 200,000 77.92 x 45.00 Asia/Almaty
Atyrau 180,000 Atyrau Oblysy 51.88 x 47.12 Asia/Oral
Temirtau 170,600 Qaraghand y Oblysy 72.95 x 50.05 Asia/Almaty
Aktau 147,443 Mangistauskaya Oblast' 51.20 x 43.65 Asia/Aqtau
Kokshetau 124,444 Severo-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast' 69.39 x 53.28 Asia/Almaty
Rudnyy 124,000 Qostanay Oblysy 63.12 x 52.96 Asia/Qyzylorda
Ekibastuz 121,470 Pavlodar Oblysy 75.37 x 51.67 Asia/Almaty
Taldyqorghan 116,558 Almaty Oblysy 78.37 x 45.02 Asia/Almaty
Zhezqazghan 104,357 Qaraghand y Oblysy 67.77 x 47.78 Asia/Almaty
Turkestan 97,360 Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast' 68.25 x 43.33 Asia/Almaty
Balqash 81,364 Qaraghand y Oblysy 75.00 x 46.85 Asia/Almaty
Sarkand 76,919 Almaty Oblysy 79.92 x 45.41 Asia/Almaty
Baykonyr 70,000 Bayqongyr Qalasy 63.32 x 45.62 Asia/Almaty
Kentau 57,408 Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast' 68.51 x 43.52 Asia/Almaty
Ridder 52,664 East Kazakhstan 83.51 x 50.36 Asia/Almaty
Qulsary 51,216 Atyrau Oblysy 54.02 x 46.95 Asia/Oral