Former British Crown colony in SE China. Hong- Kong Island , a haven for pirates and opium smugglers, was occupied by the British during the Opium War from 1839 to 1842 and was ceded to Great Britain by the Treaty of Nanking (Nanjing) in 1842. Kowloon peninsula was added to the colony after the Peking Convention of 1860, and the New Territories were leased from China for 99 years to Great Britain in 1898. The British developed the colony as a commercial area and naval base. The port of Victoria became one of the best in the world, and Hong Kong dominated East-West trade in southern China. Japan occupied it during World War II from 1941 to 1945. Great Britain regained it after the war. After the Chinese communist takeover on the mainland , it became a haven for refugees from there. It is now a major trading, communications, manufacturing, and financial center. In 1997 China regained sovereignty over Hong Kong, but Hong Kong continued to be a center of trade and commerce under then premier Deng Xiaopeng’s “one country, two systems” policies.
|Hong Kong||7,012,738||114.16 x 22.29||Asia/Hong_Kong|
|Kowloon||2,019,533||114.18 x 22.32||Asia/Hong_Kong|
|Tsuen Wan||288,728||114.10 x 22.37||Asia/Hong_Kong|
|Yung Shue Wan||6,000||114.12 x 22.23||Asia/Hong_Kong|
|Sok Kwu Wan||2,100||114.13 x 22.20||Asia/Hong_Kong|