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Country Estonia



Estonia

Republic N of Latvia and E of Russia, bordered on the N by the Baltic Sea and the Gulfs of Riga and Finland . Its capital is Tallinn. Settled by Estonians before recorded history in the area, it was attacked in the 13th century a.d. by Danes and the Livonian Brothers of the Sword who partitioned the country between them. The Livonians bought the Danish portion in 1346 and ruled Estonia until 1561, when their order was dissolved. By the Treaty of Altmark between Russia and Sweden in 1629, all Estonia passed to Sweden. In 1721, by the Treaty of Nystad, it passed to Russia, though German burghers continued to control the country’s urban wealth. In the 19th century many Estonians emigrated to Canada and the United States. Estonia declared herself independent in February 1918 but was immediately occupied by Germany. Independence was fully recognized in 1920 by the Peace of Tartu. The Nazi-Soviet Pact of August 1939 again placed Estonia under Russian control; and , though occupied by the Germans during World War II, Estonia was incorporated into the Soviet Union after that war. Estonia became an independent nation again in 1991. In 1994, the Russian army withdrew from the country. Estonia applied to join the European Union in 1995 and a referendum to join was passed by a twothirds majority of voters. In 2004, Estonia joined NATO.

Estonia Images


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Estonia: Top Cities

Tallinn 394,024 Harjumaa 24.75 x 59.44 Europe/Tallinn
Tartu 101,092 Tartumaa 26.73 x 58.38 Europe/Tallinn
Narva 66,980 Ida-Virumaa 28.19 x 59.38 Europe/Tallinn
Kohtla-Jarve 46,060 Ida-Virumaa 27.27 x 59.40 Europe/Tallinn
Parnu 44,192 Parnumaa 24.50 x 58.39 Europe/Tallinn
Viljand i 20,309 Viljand imaa 25.59 x 58.36 Europe/Tallinn
Rakvere 16,736 Laane-Virumaa 26.36 x 59.35 Europe/Tallinn
Sillamae 16,672 Ida-Virumaa 27.75 x 59.40 Europe/Tallinn
Maardu 16,630 Harjumaa 25.03 x 59.48 Europe/Tallinn
Kuressaare 14,921 Saaremaa 22.50 x 58.25 Europe/Tallinn
Voru 14,631 Vorumaa 27.02 x 57.83 Europe/Tallinn
Valga 13,945 Valgamaa 26.05 x 57.78 Europe/Tallinn
Haapsalu 11,805 Khaapsaluskiy Rayon 23.54 x 58.94 Europe/Tallinn
Johvi 11,469 Ida-Virumaa 27.42 x 59.36 Europe/Tallinn
Paide 9,735 Jarvamaa 25.56 x 58.89 Europe/Tallinn
Keila 9,411 Harjumaa 24.41 x 59.30 Europe/Tallinn
Kivioli 6,953 Ida-Virumaa 26.97 x 59.35 Europe/Tallinn
Tapa 6,551 Laane-Virumaa 25.96 x 59.26 Europe/Tallinn
Polva 6,504 Polva 27.07 x 58.06 Europe/Tallinn
Jogeva 6,396 Jogevamaa 26.39 x 58.75 Europe/Tallinn
Tyuri 6,138 Jarvamaa 25.43 x 58.81 Europe/Tallinn
Elva 5,819 Tartumaa 26.42 x 58.22 Europe/Tallinn
Rapla 5,684 Raplamaa 24.79 x 59.01 Europe/Tallinn
Saue 5,022 Harjumaa 24.55 x 59.32 Europe/Tallinn
Poltsamaa 4,764 Jogevamaa 25.97 x 58.65 Europe/Tallinn
Saku 4,548 Harjumaa 24.66 x 59.30 Europe/Tallinn
Paldiski 4,202 Harjumaa 24.05 x 59.36 Europe/Tallinn
Laagri 4,135 Harjumaa 24.61 x 59.35 Europe/Tallinn
Sindi 4,036 Parnumaa 24.67 x 58.40 Europe/Tallinn
Kunda 3,764 Laane-Virumaa 26.56 x 59.48 Europe/Tallinn