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Country Eritrea



Eritrea

Nation on the Red Sea, with Asmara as its capital. It was originally part of the ancient Ethiopian kingdom of Axum until the seventh century a.d. Much of its coastal region was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century. In the late 19th century Ethiopia fought with Egypt and Italy for control of the province. Mainly under Italian control after 1890, it was their base from 1935 to 1936 during the conquest of Ethiopia and remained in Italian hand s until it was taken by the British in 1941 during World War II. Ruled as a UN Trust Territory until 1952, Eritrea then became independent as a federated part of Ethiopia, which it joined fully in 1962. Beginning in 1962 Eritrean secessionists carried on a guerrilla war against Ethiopia, which broke out into active war in 1975, causing a severe refugee problem. The original rebel group the Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF) was joined by a second group, the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) in the 1970s. The EPLF eliminated the ELF in 1980 and succeeded in routing the Ethiopians from most of the region by 1990. In 1993 the people of Eritrea voted for their own independence. A border conflict with Ethiopia from 1998 through 2000 has slowed development, but peacekeeping forces arrived in 2000, and the Hague Tribunal ruled on the boundary in 2002.

Eritrea Images


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Eritrea: Top Cities

Asmara 563,930 Zoba Ma'akel 38.93 x 15.33 Africa/Asmara
Saint-Denis 137,195 Reunion 55.45 x -20.88 Indian/Reunion
Saint-Paul 99,307 Reunion 55.27 x -21.01 Indian/Reunion
Saint-Pierre 76,655 Reunion 55.48 x -21.34 Indian/Reunion
Keren 74,800 Zoba Anseba 38.46 x 15.78 Africa/Asmara
Le Tampon 69,986 Reunion 55.52 x -21.28 Indian/Reunion
Saint-Andre 48,674 Reunion 55.65 x -20.96 Indian/Reunion
Saint-Louis 47,881 Reunion 55.41 x -21.29 Indian/Reunion
Le Port 40,771 Reunion 55.29 x -20.94 Indian/Reunion
Saint-Benoit 35,310 Reunion 55.72 x -21.04 Indian/Reunion
Saint-Joseph 33,694 Reunion 55.62 x -21.38 Indian/Reunion
Sainte-Marie 31,636 Reunion 55.55 x -20.90 Indian/Reunion
Saint-Leu 28,278 Reunion 55.29 x -21.17 Indian/Reunion
La Possession 26,865 Reunion 55.34 x -20.93 Indian/Reunion
Massawa 23,100 Zoba Semenawi K'eyih Bahri 39.45 x 15.61 Africa/Asmara
Assab 21,300 Zoba Debubawi K'eyih Bahri 42.74 x 13.01 Africa/Asmara
Sainte-Suzanne 20,530 Reunion 55.61 x -20.91 Indian/Reunion
Mendefera 17,781 Zoba Debub 38.82 x 14.89 Africa/Asmara
Barentu 15,891 Zoba Gash-Barka 37.59 x 15.11 Africa/Asmara
Adi Keyh 13,061 39.38 x 14.84 Africa/Asmara
Eid 11,259 Zoba Debubawi K'eyih Bahri 41.69 x 13.93 Africa/Asmara
Petite-Ile 10,961 Reunion 55.57 x -21.35 Indian/Reunion
Dek'emhare 10,959 Zoba Debub 39.05 x 15.07 Africa/Asmara
Bras-Panon 10,444 Reunion 55.68 x -21.00 Indian/Reunion
Ak'ordat 8,857 Zoba Gash-Barka 37.89 x 15.55 Africa/Asmara
Les Avirons 8,006 Reunion 55.34 x -21.24 Indian/Reunion
Salazie 7,696 Reunion 55.54 x -21.03 Indian/Reunion
Trois-Bassins 7,114 Reunion 55.30 x -21.10 Indian/Reunion
Sainte-Rose 7,035 Reunion 55.80 x -21.13 Indian/Reunion
Cilaos 6,225 Reunion 55.47 x -21.13 Indian/Reunion