Introduction of Tasmania
Island and state of Australia, in the S Pacific Ocean, 150 mi S of the state of Victoria, across the Bass Strait.
Hobart is its capital. Discovered by the Dutch navigator Abel Tasman in 1642, in 1803 it passed to the British, who established a penal colony on the island . It was the scene of the Black War at the beginning of the 19th century between European settlers and the now extinct aborigines. It became a colony separate from New South Wales in 1825. Renamed Tasmania in 1853, it became a state of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901.