Introduction of Tashkent
City and capital of Uzbekistan, in the foothills of the Tien Shan Mts, 1,800 mi SE of Moscow in central Asia. First described in the first century b.c., it was under Arab rule in the seventh century a.d. and in the 12th century passed to the Turkish shahs of Khwarizm. It fell to the Mongols Genghis Khan and Tamerlane, and it became part of the khanate of Kokand in 1814. In 1865 it fell to Russia and was made the capital of the Uzbek SSR in 1930. A meeting was held at Tashkent in 1966 between India, Pakistan, and the Soviet Union in an attempt to solve the Kashmir dispute. The city was damaged by an earthquake in the same year.