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Introduction of Stirling
Strategically located on the Forth River, 31 mi WNWof Edinburgh. A Roman station, then a Pictish settlement,it was chartered in 1130. Stirling Castle, amajestic fortress above the Forth, dominates the town.It long vied with Edinburgh Castle as a royal residence.The birthplace of James II and , probably, ofJames III and IV, it was the site of the coronations ofboth the infant Mary, Queen of Scots, and of James VIof Scotland (James I of England ). The ParliamentHouse, built in the castle by James III, was the sceneof many assemblies. The castle was frequently besiegedduring Scotland 's battle for independence and washeld by the English in 1296 and from 1304 to 1314.On September 11, 1297, at the battle of StirlingBridge, Sir William Wallace defeated an English armyunder the earl of Surrey. Strategically located on the Forth River, 31 mi WNWof Edinburgh. A Roman station, then a Pictish settlement,it was chartered in 1130. Stirling Castle, amajestic fortress above the Forth, dominates the town.It long vied with Edinburgh Castle as a royal residence.The birthplace of James II and , probably, ofJames III and IV, it was the site of the coronations ofboth the infant Mary, Queen of Scots, and of James VIof Scotland (James I of England ). The ParliamentHouse, built in the castle by James III, was the sceneof many assemblies. The castle was frequently besiegedduring Scotland 's battle for independence and washeld by the English in 1296 and from 1304 to 1314.On September 11, 1297, at the battle of StirlingBridge, Sir William Wallace defeated an English armyunder the earl of Surrey.

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