Introduction of Sao paulo
Capital city of Sao Paulo state, in the SE, on the Tiete River, 45 mi NNW of Santos, its port. The largest city in South America, this ultramodern metropolis of more than 10 million is the industrial, financial, and commercial center of Brazil. Until the large-scale cultivation of coffee in the 1880s, Sao Paulo was a typical Brazilian colonial settlement. Founded by Jesuit priests on January 24, 1554, on the site of an old Indian village, it had become a base for expeditions into Brazil by the 17th century, the administrative capital of the area by 1681, and an important city by 1711. Independence from Portugal was declared here by Brazil’s emperor, Dom Pedro I, in 1822. The site is marked by the Ypiranga museum. This set the stage for the city’s explosive growth and massive European immigration, following the beginning of the exportation of coffee in the 1880s.